Biopsy refers to closely examining a sample of tissue taken from the body. Doctors recommend biopsy to examine the tissue if there is a lesion, a tumor or a mass. The area from which the sample needs to be taken may have appeared suspicious on physical examination or scans like MRI, CT or ultrasound.
Biopsies are mostly entirely pain-free and low-risk procedures to take out a piece of skin, tissue, organ or suspected tumor. This may require a minor surgery or may be taken when a corrective surgery is being performed.
Examples of conditions in which the doctor calls for biopsy:
Biopsies are generally associated with cancer, but doctors can prescribe a biopsy even if they do not suspect cancer in certain conditions. Biopsy helps in diagnosis or ruling out of the following conditions.
Uses of biopsy:
Types of Biopsy:
The type of biopsy recommended depends on the condition or presentation of the symptoms. The following are the procedures used for various types of biopsies.
Areas of biopsy:
After taking the sample, it is sent to the pathology lab for examination under the microscope. Various types of examinations are done and the final observations are noted and communicated to the concerned doctor.