Gait refers to a person’s manner of walking. It also refers to the sequence of foot movements during actions such as walking, trotting or pacing. A normal gait and gait speed involves the legs and feet primarily. But arms and trunk move about providing stability and balance. A person carrying heavy weight in one arm does not have the same gait when he is not carrying the weight.
Gait speed is the time taken to walk a specified distance. Gait cycle is a repetitive pattern involving steps and strides. Step is putting one foot forward and stride is the whole gait cycle that starts from taking the foot up for the first step and finishing before the start of the initial step. A normal gait requires strength, balance, sensation and coordination.
Human gait depends upon the collective effects of various organ-systems like
Other factors influencing gait include:
Natural gaits are so called because they are innate to the human beings and other living things. Learned gait is the pattern which the person learns to walk or run in a way for the purpose of catwalk or athletics and others. Walking, jogging, skipping, running and sprinting are the natural gaits that are prevalent in human beings.
Walk: Walking requires at least one foot on the ground at any point of time and periods of both feet on the ground. Before initiating the walking, the person needs to align himself or herself so that when the foot rises up and is put forward, the center of mass of the person’s body is moved forward and laterally to the unweighting leg.