Essential tremor is a condition of the nervous system that causes involuntary rhythmic shaking movements, usually in the hands. It can affect other parts of the body like legs, facial muscles and head. Sometimes, essential tremor is confused with Parkinson’s disease and is more common in people who are 40 or older.
Essential tremor is also called idiopathic tremor as the cause remains unknown. It is known to run in family and is attributed to genetic mutation. Other names of essential tremors are benign tremor and familial tremor.
Symptoms of Essential tremor:
Tremors are also associated with Parkinson’s disease but there are some differences:
Diagnosis of Essential tremors:
Diagnosis of essential tremors involves detail history of the patient, including lifestyle, stress levels, medical conditions, medications used and family history of tremors. There is no specific test to diagnose essential tremors, but presence of Parkinson’s disease and dystonia may be ruled out to arrive at a conclusion.
Treatment of Essential Tremors:
Treatment is usually begun when the person having essential tremors experiences disturbances in daily activities or causes embarrassment.
Complications of Essential tremors:
Essential tremor is not a life-threatening condition, but can interfere in day-to-day activities such as holding a glass or cup, using fork and spoon, put on make-up, shaving or writing and drawing. Tremors of the head is more noticeable and may cause embarrassment in public. If the voice box is affected, talking or singing may be affected.
Adopting a healthy lifestyle, with a balanced diet and regular exercise has been found to improve essential tremors. Relaxation techniques such as yoga and deep-breathing techniques help in reducing stress-related tremors. Further, avoiding alcohol and caffeine is also recommended.