Blood donation is the process of giving blood on a voluntary basis to an organization or hospital. The blood collected is sorted and preserved and used for transfusions. Sometimes blood is separated into its different components and donated as required by patients. One donation be used to save up to three lives.
Donating blood has been beneficial to the donor too, in terms of a fulfillment of contributing towards a noble cause. The pros and cons of blood donation include:
Process of blood donation:
Usually, the donor is made to lie down or seated in an inclined chair. Using a sterile needle, a pint of blood is collected and the person may leave once he is ready. Apheresis is a process of donating blood using a machine. The machine is connected to both the arms of the donor. It collects a small amount of blood and separates its components. The remaining blood is sent back to the donor’s body. The cycle is repeated again and again and the whole process takes about 2 hours.
Once done, the donor is given some snack with tea or coffee. They may rest if required or leave after 15 minutes of completion of the process.
There are 3 types of Apheresis:
Preparing for blood donation:
Before donating blood, it is important to let the doctor know about your habits, medical conditions if any and medications being taken. The doctor may, for example, ask you to stop taking aspirin 2 days prior to the donation. Get plenty of sleep the night before you would donate and drink at least half a liter of extra water. Avoid fatty and sugary foods one day prior to donation and choose a healthy meal for the day.